If you observe the positions of gods and deities in the Indian paintings and sculptures, you can find the same symbols than we have been previously studied.
Thanks to your assiduous attention now you can interpret the Indian works of art. So as you can see, the mudras is not specific at Barata Natyam dance but those symbolic gestures are used in the iconography also, particularly in the Hindu and Buddhist art. So be attentive!
To get Puspaputa, your fingers have to be straight and tight, slightly bent. Then put your hands up, side by side. Be attentive that each little finger touches the other.
If you are a regular student maybe you remember our previous article about the Sarpashirsha which was discussed Asamyuta Hasta. Another way to do the Puspaputa have to make two Sarpashira and put them side by side palms up.
Puspaputa is used to :
-show the sacred fire around a person or a divinity
-drink some water
-symbolize an offering
Utsanga represents the Gautama divinity, a spiritual chief who lived in the sixth century before J-C, his quest has influenced the birth of Buddhism.
To do the mudra Utsanga, you have to touch your left shoulder with the right hand and touch the right shoulder with the left hand. Your thumb and your little finger up, in this way the Utsanga represents:
Or on the contrary it can be done differently to represent to:
To do this, each elbow must be up, the alignment of the elbows and shoulders must be horizontally. The fingertips touch the shoulders keeping the thumb and the little finger up.
Maybe have you noticed that the term includes the name of 'Shiva', 'lingam' in Tamil means the phallic shape. Fist closed, the palm toward the chest and the thumbs up. You have to put this hand on the palm of the right hand. The right hand is horizontal and the thumb outwards. The right hand is the base, this base symbolizes the creative energy. So the phallic shape comes to rest on the creative energy.
This third Samayukta Hasta symbolizes:
-The phallic cult of Shiva.
Your arms must be crossed on your chest; the fore finger and the middle finger touch the thumb while the annular finger and the thumb are lifted up. This sign expresses:
-The marriage cord
-The offering of flower petals
To do this Samayukta Hasta, you have to cross the arms with the palms up. Your annular finger and your auricular finger touch your thumb. You can see that your fingers has a scissor shape, this scissor symbolizes a peaceful gesture used to hold a weapon.
-This gesture symbolizes:
-The climbing plants
The next three articles about mudras will give you absolute knowledge! Before this, you can read the previous articles again, in order to observe the similarities of meaning and execution between the Asamyuta Hasta (mudra with one hand) and the Samyuta Hasta (mudra with two hands).