If you have been following our series of articles dedicated to mudras in Barata Natyam, you may now master how to do the first 18 mudras, Asamyuta Hasta (mudras with one hand).

But what about the others? Are you ready to discover their subtleties? Patience and training are required to tame your hands and teach them the delicacies of mudras.

Kangula, Alapadma, Chatura, Bhramara and Hamsasya will have no more secrets to hide from you once you finish reading this article…

Kangula

Let’s begin this article with Kangula. This mudra means “bulb”.
To make the Kangula pose, get your fingers straight except the ring finger. The latter has to be bent inside the hand, touching your palm.

This mudra can require more practice than other mudras, so don’t give up if you can’t master it on the first try.
Kangula’s different meanings are the followings:kangula

- The bell
- A coconut
- The lemon
- Lakuca fruit (kind of wild asparagus)
- Chakora, mythological bird
- White lily flower
- A young girl’s breasts

Alapadma

Alapadma is the representation of the fully flowered lotus. This is its main translation.

To do this mudra, your fingers must be held like a fan. The little finger is the closest from your palm; other fingers follow the movement towards the external side of the hand, as showed on the picture.

More than the lotus, Alapadma can also mean:

alapadma- The mirror
- The face
- To show fruits
- A circular movement
- The full moon
- A knot
- To show beauty
- Separation with the beloved
- High altitudes

Catura

Catura has two main meanings and translations which are “smart” and “square”.

You have to fold your thumb inside your hand and get it the closest possible to your others’ fingers joints. The index, the middle finger and the ring finger are straight and close to each other. Your little finger must be stretched outwards.

When doing this mudra called Catura, you are able to display:

- Musk
- Gold
- Iron catura
- Copper
- To indicate a lesser quantity
- Humidity
- Grief
- The eyes
- Aesthetic pleasure
- Cast difference
- A proof
- A slow gait
- To break into pieces
- Oil and ghee

Bhramara

Mudra called Bhramara can be translated by “bee”, which is one of its main representations.

Bhramara is done by folding the index inside the hand. Meanwhile, bring the tip of your middle finger and your thumb together. Your ring and little finger are bhramarastretched outwards.

Bhramara is mostly used to show flying animals such as:

- Bees
- A parrot
- A wing
- A heron
- Other birds

Hamsasya

It is frequent to find “swan’s beak” as the first translation of Hamsasya.

This mudra is quite resembling to a beak and quite easy to make.
You just have to pinch your index on your thumb, slightly bending the index. The other fingers must be pointed up and outstretched.
hamsasya
Hamsasya can mean different things :

- To tie the wedding thread
- A pearl necklace
- To light a lamp
- An auspicious occasion or a festival
- Flowers (jasmine most of the time)
- To draw
- Horrification
- To impede a water flow

Now it’s your turn to master these mudras!
Let’s meet again in the next article to discover 5 new positions…

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