From Market to chic shops, fabrics are in India, are an integral part of the culture.
In the streets, you find an indian textile shop at every corner. People looking for having clothes suiting their tastes goes there as well as the ones who are just having a look.
Textile shops are full of cloth with color and different material. Each textile is unique thanks to particular fabrication.
Sometimes it's difficult to find the piece we want as choice is wide!

 Textile printing has begun in India a long time ago.
For over five thousand years, indian craftsmen  passed from generation to generation the secret of the art of decorating fabrics of coton and silk. Thanks to the textile production thousand of people make their living.

Overview of various Indian fabrics

Batik

batikBatik is a technique for printing cloth cotton practised in various countries in Asia and west Africa. This is a sort of painting on textile.
There are four main steps to create Batik.
First craftsmen draw the final pattern on cloth, then they apply hot wax to protect some areas. Afterwards to apply color,  they soak the cloth in dye bath.
Then, it is necessary to remove the wax with an iron or by soaking in boiling water.

Tie and Dye

tieanddyeThis is a traditional technique of textile dyes of Rajasthan.
The choice of color combination varies, but weal ways find a predominance of yellow, orange, red or blue.
This is a fairly simple technique. We must first tie the tissue to preserve parts of the color, then quenched in one or more baths paints. The baths play on color intensity and only the outer part of the nods is painted.

Dabu (Block printing)


blockprinting

Dabu is a way to print design pattern on cloth with wooden block. This is a very common technique in Rajasthan.
Wooden block are carefully hand carved by artisans (Chippai.)

They are usefull to print pattern on silk or cotton.
Dabu is a hand printing technique which is still practiced today.

Ikat

ikat

Ikat is a dying and spunning technique. Drawing is created by first dyeing the weft yarn with all colors that will appear on final piece in a very precise manner.

At the time of weaving, design elements screat by juxtaposition of parts of the wire of the appropriate color.

Chanderi

chanderi

This fabric is named after its production center in state of Madhya Pradesh in India.
It's a production group which exists since several centuries, producing finely textured cloth adorned with silk and cotton. It's a very light and delicate fabric, orned with complex patterns, used to fabric very elegant saris.

 

Madras

The madras is a brightly colors fabrics from Chennai. Cloths are made with banana fiber, coton and silk.
Following Indian immigration in caribbean, the madras is now associated with traditional outfit from women caribbean.

Khadi


Traditionaly Khadi is a piece of cotton, but it can aslo be wool. For Indian khadi has aslo a sentimental value. That Khadi fabric was promoted by Ghandi for improving India's rural economy in the 20th century during and after the independance.
Khadi mouvement aimed at boycoting foreign produce and promote indian product .
Fight for freedom was turned about wearing this cloth (the port of this tissue)

 

Kalam Kari

KalamkariKalamKari is a traditional art from South India. It's a hand painting cotton canvas with vegetal dyes.
The cotton fabric is immersing for an hour in a mixtures of myrabalam (resin) and cow milk.
Contours are then drawn with bamboo point soaked in a mixture of fermented jagri and water, one by one, these lines are applied, then the vegetable dyes. After application of each color, the Kalamari is washed.
Thus, each fabric can undergo up to 20 washings. Various effects are obtained by using dung, seeds, plants and crushed flowers.

 

 Cotton, white gold in India.


Over centuries, textile became an important part of Indian economy
We should know that India is the world's second industry in textile. Today, the country appears to be a favoured destination for the research of textile suppliers.
Factories are mainly located in South, particularly in Tamil Nadu. In Coimbatore, we count more than 4 000 sewing factories.
If you love Indian textile and you want to find it in Pondicherry, go in shops in Nerhu street or in the market.
For more choices, go to Chennai in large retail shops.

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